A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test that our providers order to be performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of disease. We offer several diagnostic tests that can be done on-site at one of our locations for your convenience.
Our onsite diagnostic tests include:
- Lab Venopuncture
- Pulmonary Function Testing
- Pap Smear
- Electrocardiogram (EKG)
- Vascular Screenings
In order to ensure quality collection of blood specimens, we partner with Lab Corp at each of our locations to assist with the drawing of blood. Your blood specimens will then be analyzed for the specific ordered tests. Some tests share very precise and informative results for a specific condition, where others provide general information that may help to rule out a particular condition or disease. It is important that you understand each test that is being ordered and why. We encourage you to ask such questions while you are visiting your providers:
- What will this test measure?
- Why is this test being ordered?
- How reliable are the results of this test?
- When will the test results be available?
- How will the results be given (a letter, a phone call, online)?
- Will this test need to be done more than once?
- Does this test have any risks or side effects?
- How should I prepare for the test?
Ultrasound is a type of imaging that uses high-frequency sound waves to look at organs and structures inside the body. Our providers use it to view the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, liver, and other organs. At CPC we perform ultrasounds with the Abdomen, Pelvic, Aortic, Arterial, Venous, Thyroid, and Carotid to assess for any abnormality. Ultrasound is used to help our providers evaluate symptoms such as:
This is a painless and safe procedure that is done while you lie on the exam table. A transducer probe covered with gel will be moved over your skin in the area that is being assessed.
Pulmonary Function Testing
If you are having difficulty with breathing or other symptoms, your physician may order Pulmonary function tests are a group of tests that measure how well the lungs take in and release air as well as how well they move gases such as oxygen from the atmosphere into the body’s circulation. This test is done with a spirometer, that measures how much air you exhale, and how quickly. Spirometry can evaluate a broad range of lung diseases, so serves as a good baseline test. To prepare for this test it is important to refrain from eating a large meal prior to the test nor smoke for 4-6 hours before the test. Your provider may order this test to help:
- Diagnose certain types of lung disease such as asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema
- Determine the cause of shortness of breath
- Measure whether exposure to chemicals at work is affecting lung function
- Check lung function before someone has surgery
- Assess the effect of medication
- Measure progress with a treatment being given
This exam/test for women is a screening test for detecting cervical dysplasia, or precancerous changes. Cells scraped from the opening of the cervix are examined under a microscope. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina. Detecting this cancer early in women offers a better chance of a cure. This preventive procedure is generally painless and usually done during a pelvic exam. Your provider will position you on the exam table and insert a device called a speculum into your vagina. This allows for a better view of the cervical area to allow the provider to swab your cervix with a brush or cotton swab to collect cells from the surface. These cells are then sent to the lab for analysis.
An echocardiogram (also called an echo) is a type of ultrasound test that uses high-pitched sound waves that are sent through a device called a transducer. The device picks up echoes of the sound waves as they bounce off the different parts of your heart. An echocardiogram allows doctors to see the heart beating. It also shows the heart valves and other structures. This test may be ordered by your provider to help to diagnosis one of the following:
- Abnormal heart valves
- Abnormal heart rhythms
- Congenital heart disease
- Damage to the heart muscle from a heart attack
- Heart murmurs
- Inflammation (pericarditis) or fluid in the sac around the heart (pericardial effusion)
- Infection on or around the heart valves (infectious endocarditis)
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Ability of the heart to pump (for people with heart failure)
- Source of a blood clot after a stroke or TIA
An electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) is a test that checks for problems with the electrical activity of your heart. An EKG shows spikes and dips in a line tracing that reflects the heart’s electrical activity. An EKG may be ordered by your provider:
- To check the heart’s electrical activity.
- To help find the cause of unexplained chest pain, which could be caused by a heart attack, angina or pericarditis.
- To help to find the cause of symptoms such as shortness of breath, dizziness, fainting, or rapid, irregular heartbeats (palpitations) that may be signs of heart disease.
- To find out if the walls of the heart chambers are too thick (hypertrophied).
- To check how well medicines are working and whether they are causing side effects that affect the heart.
- To check how well mechanical devices that are implanted in the heart, such as pacemakers, are working to control a normal heartbeat.
Vascular disease may be present without any of the warning symptoms. A preventative screening test has been found to be a valuable tool to detect the presence of serious vascular disease. These screenings are painless and noninvasive that can find unsuspected conditions such as carotid disease or leg artery blockages, or aortic aneurysms. Symptoms of vascular disease can include: Stroke (numbness, weakness of face, arm, or leg, sudden confusion or trouble speaking, sudden difficulty walking, loss of balance, severe headache) Heart attack (chest pain or pressure, discomfort in one or both arms, back, neck, or shoulder, shortness of breath, cold sweat with nausea or light-headness) Aneurysm (chest pain and back pain) Peripheral Vascular Disease (PAD) (painful cramping in hips, thighs or calves when walking or climbing that stops when activity stops, discoloration of the foot, decrease in temperature of the lower leg or foot) Vascular screening is beneficial for those at increased risk for a given vascular disease.
You may be at an increased risk for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm if you are:
- A man over 60 years of age.
- A woman over 60 years of age who also has at least one of the following: high blood pressure, high-cholesterol, high triglycerides, diabetes, heart disease, or am being treated with medication for high blood pressure or high-cholesterol.
- A man or a woman over age 50 who has a family history of at least one close relative with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.
A man or a woman over age 50 and smoke currently or have smoked substantially in the past.
- You may be at an increased risk for Stroke & Carotid Artery Disease if you:
- Have a history of stroke in my immediate family: parents, grandparents, brothers or sisters.
- Smoke currently or have regularly smoked in the past.
- Are over age 40 and have high cholesterol and/or high blood pressure or take medicine for high cholesterol or high blood pressure.
- Have coronary artery disease or have had a heart attack, stent, angioplasty, or by-pass surgery.
- Have lower extremity arterial blockages in your legs.
You may be at an increased risk for Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) if you:
- Are over 35 years of age and smoke.
- Are over 40 years of age and have high cholesterol, high tri-glycerides or high blood pressure or are being treated for one or more of these conditions.
- Have diabetes
- Have had a heart attack, stent or angioplasty, or bypass surgery.